ABA stands for Applied Behavior Analysis, the process of applying the principles of behavior that occur in the natural world to teach helpful behaviors and reduce problem behaviors, thereby improving an individual’s quality of life. These same principles can be applied to groups of individuals to help solve important problems in society as well, such as reducing land fill needs through developing recycling and reusing programs and behaviors and improving safety at work through developing policies and behaviors that reinforce safety practice in the work place.
ABA closely follows certain principles that drive the effective and safe implementation of all of the procedures and strategies used to improve behavior. These are:
Evidence-based ~ all strategies of behavior change are tested and often replicated in peer-reviewed research before they are used in the applied setting. Practitioners of applied behavior analysis never consider an approach that does not have significant research that shows its effectiveness.
Data driven ~ all decisions made regarding an individual’s behavioral treatment are based on firm data, not hunches, passing comments or the latest fad.
Systematic ~ the process of behavior analysis is thoughtful and procedural; with careful control of every variables so that all factors are clearly understood and little time is wasted trying ineffective techniques.
Well-regulated ~ the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB®) is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation established in 1998 to meet professional credentialing needs identified by behavior analysts, governments, and consumers of behavior analysis services. All Board Certified Behavior Analysts must adhere to all of the requirements of the BACB. (BACB.com)
Ethical ~ all Board Certified Behavior Analysts must follow the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts: http://bacb.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/160321-compliance-code-english.pdf
Humane ~ Behavior analysis always seeks to produce behavior change with the most positive, respectful and humanitarian approach possible. Individual’s rights are always considered and behaviors targeted for behavior change are always considered with regard to the significance the change will have to the individual him/herself over that of others.
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Reinforcement is being right. – B. F. Skinner